100 reflective essay topic ideas high school

In ancient times the safeguarding and preservation of the individual book was far more important than it is today. We observe this diversity in the shape of the skull, which may be, as among the Botocudos, strictly dolichocephalic, while the Araucanians are brachycephalic; the nasal index varies more than in the extremest members of the white race; the tint of the skin may be a dark brown with an under-color of red, or of so light a hue that a blush is easily perceptible. In one sense it is true of all existences whatever that they are the same with themselves, that is they are what they are and not something else. He feels that it either places him out of the sight of mankind, or, that if they take any notice of him, they have, however, scarce any fellow-feeling with the misery and distress which he suffers. No injunctions will be necessary; they will not cease to read until they have devoured the utmost sentence. Besides, he had been in the practice of rallying his guests and tampering with his subject; and this ironical tone did not suit his new situation. How freely it was administered, especially in political affairs, is well illustrated in the statutes of the State Inquisition, where the merest suspicion is sufficient to authorize its application. It is this craving after what is prohibited, and the force 100 reflective essay topic ideas high school of contrast adding its zest to the violations of reason and propriety, that accounts for the excesses of pride, of cruelty, and lust; and at the same time frets and vexes the surface of life with petty evils, and plants a canker in the bosom of our daily enjoyments. inches wide. To the man who first saw an inhuman murder, committed from avarice, envy, or unjust resentment, and upon one too that loved and trusted the murderer, who beheld the last agonies of the dying person, who heard him, with his expiring breath, complain more of the perfidy and ingratitude of his false friend, than of the violence which had been done to him, there could be no occasion, in order to conceive how horrible such an action was, that he should reflect, that one of the most sacred rules of conduct was what prohibited the taking away the life of an innocent person, that this was a plain violation of that rule, and consequently a very blamable action. His denial could not be received as satisfactory, and the machinery of sacramental purgation or the judicial duel was not for him. HAVING considered the cliffs with respect to the contour they present, the different strata composing their structure, the injury they experience from the atmospheric air, from drought, from heavy rains, from severe and successive frosts, and from the formidable visitations of the German Ocean against their base; yet, they possess an internal enemy peculiar to themselves, which in certain localities is more formidable than the ocean itself—these are the Land-springs previously alluded to. We are here, of course, purposely considering, _not_ actual and arbitrary morality, but the essentials upon which all moralities are based. In _Volpone_, or _The Alchemist_, or _The Silent Woman_, the plot is enough to keep the players in motion; it is rather an “action” than a plot. He and his friend had published at Epinal, apparently privately, a small pamphlet, with an introductory note in bad Spanish, containing a number of “songs” in the “Taensa,” as they now called their language. We suppose ourselves the spectators of our own behaviour, and endeavour to imagine what effect it would, in this light, produce upon us. Keep on moving, then, and when you score a point, rejoice only because it proves that scoring is one of your possibilities, and that you are likely to score many others before your race is run. g._ _amayte_, a square figure, from _amay_, an angle; _tzucuble_, a province, from _tzuc_, a portion separated from the rest. If the fines are to be turned into the city treasury they should be placed to the credit of the library appropriation as they are in Brooklyn. In him this instinctive power, not having been exerted at the proper season, may, from disuse, have gone gradually to decay, and at last have been completely obliterated. In later centuries, such punning allusions to proper names became unpopular in heraldry, and are now considered in bad taste. When I had recovered sufficiently to look at the time, I noticed it was 2 a.m. I have also endeavored, to a limited extent, to express myself as to the relative value of these sources. According to Plato and Tim?us, the principles out of which the Deity formed the World, and which were themselves eternal, were three in number. _No._ 195, _admitted October_ 27_th_, 1821. But it was a part of the narrow and crushing policy of the missionaries not only to destroy everything that related to the times of heathendom, but even to drop all words which referred to ancient usages. Ebroin, however, had astutely removed the holy remains from their cases in advance, and when he thus got his enemy in his power, he held it but a venial indiscretion to expose Martin to a shameful death.[55] How thoroughly this was in accordance with the ideas of the age is shown by the incorporation, in the canons of the church, of the doctrine that an oath was to be estimated by its externals and not by itself. Lyell speaks of that at Hasborough as “laminated blue clay, about one foot and a half in thickness, part of the clay being bituminous, and inclosing compressed branches and leaves of trees.” Mr. He finds to his dismay that a considerable part of his species, which has been flatteringly described as the laughing animal, has never exercised its high and distinguishing capacity. Some of Landor’s errors are more palpable than Mr. The criticism on the Taensa Grammar published in the _American Antiquarian_ last March has led to a reply from M. THE WRITING AND RECORDS OF THE ANCIENT MAYAS.[215] _1.—Introductory._ One of the ablest living ethnologists has classified the means of recording knowledge under two general headings—Thought-writing and Sound-writing.[216] The former is again divided into two forms, the first and earliest of which is by pictures, the second by picture-writing. His materials are as finely wrought up as they are original and attractive in themselves. _Incredulus odi_, is the explanation here, and in all such cases. In this chapter we have dealt merely with what I have called choral laughter, that of groups, smaller or larger. It looks illogical, and when the ordinary citizen’s attention is brought to the matter in any way he generally so considers it. Some held that he was to be absolved, because torture purged him of all the evidence against him; others argued that he was to be punished with the full penalty of his crime, because the torture was illegal and therefore null and void; others again took a middle course and decided that he was to be visited, not with the penalty of his crime, but with something else, at the discretion of his judge.[1769] According to law, indeed, torture without confession was a full acquittal; but here, again, practice intervened to destroy what little humanity was admitted by jurists, and the accused under such circumstances was still held suspect, and was liable at any moment to be tried again for the same offence.[1770] Indeed, at a comparatively early period after the introduction of torture, we are told that if the accused endured it without confession he was to be kept in prison to see whether new evidence might not turn up: if none came, then the judge was to assign him a reasonable delay for his defence; he was regularly tried, when if convicted he was punished; if not he was discharged.[1771] If, again, a man and woman were tortured on an accusation of adultery committed with each other, and if one confessed while the other did not, both were acquitted according to some authorities, while others held that the one who confessed should receive some punishment different from that provided for the crime, while the accomplice was to be discharged on taking a purgatorial oath.[1772] Nothing more contradictory and illogical can well be imagined, and, as if to crown the absurdity of the whole, torture after conviction was allowed in order to prevent appeals; and if the unfortunate, at the place of execution, chanced to assert his innocence, he was often hurried from the scaffold to the rack in obedience to the theory that the confession must remain unretracted;[1773] though, if the judge had taken the precaution to have the prisoner’s ratification of his confession duly certified to by a notary and witnesses, this trouble might be avoided, and the culprit be promptly executed in spite of his retraction.[1774] One can scarce repress a grim smile at finding that this series of horrors had pious defenders who urged that a merciful consideration for the offender’s soul required that he should be brought to confess his iniquities in order to secure his eternal salvation.[1775] It was a minor, yet none the less a flagrant injustice, that when a man had endured the torture without confession, and was therefore discharged as innocent, he or his heirs were obliged to defray the whole expenses of his prosecution.[1776] The atrocity of this whole system of so-called criminal justice is forcibly described by the honest indignation of Augustin Nicolas, who, in his judicial capacity under Louis XIV., had ample opportunities of observing its practical working and results. The Sun, the great source of both Heat and Light, is at an immense {449} distance from us. They talk about 100 reflective essay topic ideas high school much the same things, pictures, poetry, politics, plays; but they do it worse, and at a sort of vapid second-hand. It is by finding in a vast variety of instances that one tenor of conduct constantly pleases in a certain manner, and that another as constantly displeases the mind, that we form the general rules of morality. In that tragedy, two young people of different sexes, of the most innocent and virtuous dispositions, and without any other weakness except what endears them the more to us, a mutual fondness for one another, are instigated by the strongest motives of a false religion, to commit a horrid murder, that shocks all the principles of human nature. Libraries to-day are doing a thousand things that no one of them would have thought of doing fifty years ago. In spite of Medici prints, oleographic processes and the extension of culture which renders any one liable to receive choice samples of the Italian Masters free with a packet of cigarettes, what William Hazlitt said with reference to Michael Angelo is still literally true. These predictions, it seems to me, are all warranted by present tendencies. With the people to whom he wishes to recommend himself, he is not always very delicate about the means which he employs for that purpose; unnecessary ostentation, groundless pretensions, constant assentation, frequently flattery, though for the most part a pleasant and sprightly flattery, and very seldom the gross and fulsome flattery of a parasite. Wyndham forgets, in short, that it is not, in the end, periods and traditions but individual men who write great prose. Yet on a map they show merely a system of dots. Northcote was once complimenting him on his acknowledged superiority—‘Ay, _you_ made the best busts of any body!’ ‘I don’t know about that,’ said the other, his eyes (though their orbs were quenched) smiling with a gleam of smothered delight—‘I only know I always tried to make them as like as I could!’ I saw this eminent and singular person one morning in Mr. Besides these ancient, there are some modern systems, according to which virtue consists in propriety; or in the suitableness of the affection from which we act, to the cause or object which excites it. But that goes for nothing in the system of Utility, which is satisfied with nothing short of the good of the whole. _Geologic._ I have left the geologic data to the last, as it is these which carry us with reasonable safety to the remotest periods. Indeed, a Latin version of the Coutumier of Normandy, dating about the middle of the thirteenth century, or a little earlier, speaks of it as a mode of proof formerly employed in cases where one of the parties was a woman who could find no champion to undergo the wager of battle, adding that it had been forbidden by the Church, and that such cases were then determined by inquests.[1359] Germany was more tardy in yielding to the mandates of the Church. The property that the librarian is expected to conserve consists of books–the material in which he works and with which he is expected to produce his effects, and of money and objects–buildings, furniture and utensils–intended to aid him in handling the books properly and in getting them and the users together. When the papal authority reached its culminating point, a vigorous and sustained effort to abolish the whole system was made by the popes who occupied the pontifical throne from 1159 to 1227. When an institution reaches the conclusion that it is doing all that it can, or all that the community can properly ask of it, the chances are that it is losing its ability to concentrate. _Spiritus precipitandus est._ In these sort of voluntaries in composition, the thoughts are worked up to a state of projection: the grasp of the subject, the presence of mind, the flow of expression must be something akin to _extempore_ speaking; or perhaps such bold but finished draughts may be compared to _fresco_ paintings, which imply a life of study and great previous preparation, but of which the execution is momentary and irrevocable. Yet, without the sense of pleasure and pain, I do not see what becomes of the theory of Utility, which first reduces everything to pleasure and pain, and then tramples upon and crushes these by its own sovereign will. Topic 100 ideas high school reflective essay.

Salvator was so much offended with the _dryness_, _hardness_, &c. Probably his library has no books on plumbing. The ghost of friendship meets me at the door, and sits with me all dinner-time. But the few who are judges of what is called real and solid merit, are not forward to communicate their occult discoveries to others; they are withheld partly by envy, and partly by pusillanimity. _No._ 24.—_Admitted_ 1802.—_Aged_ 25. I begin with some observations on the phonetic elements. The reservoir which in the past supplied the stream of national gaiety has certainly fallen and threatens even to dry up. Mundesley is a pleasant village, situated about five miles north by east of North Walsham, and has considerably improved during the last few years, but, similarly to Bacton, to which it is annexed, is continually wasting by the sea. Do not assume, if you are a trained cataloger, that there is any virtue, for instance, in subject cards. 144), furnished an effective substitute for the combat in doubtful cases. Our oldest large libraries are those of our universities, and Harvard’s president has told us that to them the evil day is within sight. The satirist is at the point of view of the moral judge; only, instead of the calmness of the judge, he has something of the fierce attitude of the prosecutor who aims at exposing and denouncing the turpitude of an offence. Stevenson, remain a bright comrade on the sick-bed. Anthony, he insisted that no such change takes place in Delaware verbs. His triumph, however, was illegally brought to a sudden close, for Hugh soon after succeeded in making him prisoner and deprived him of eyesight.[353] Still, the practice continued to be denounced by some enlightened ecclesiastics, represented by Atto, Bishop of Vercelli, who declared it to be totally inapplicable to churchmen and not to be approved for laymen on account of the uncertainty of 100 reflective essay topic ideas high school its results;[354] but representations of this kind were useless. In the early stages of society, the judge or the pleader whose faith does not lead him to rely upon an appeal to God naturally seeks to extort from the reluctant witness a statement of what he might desire to conceal, or from the presumed criminal a confession of his guilt. In Denmark, though this form of trial finds no place in the codes of law, we are told that it was generally used during the seventeenth century in all appropriate cases.[1152] In Holstein there was a custom known as _Scheingehen_, in which, when a murderer remained undiscovered, a hand was severed from the corpse with provident care and preserved as a touchstone for the future. Neither, I apprehend, is sufficient alone. But a literary critic should have no emotions except those immediately provoked by a work of art—and these (as I have already hinted) are, when valid, perhaps not to be called emotions at all. Huxley wrote thus of the attempt: “If the religion of the present differs from that of the past, it is because the theology of the present has become more scientific than that of the past, not because it has renounced idols of wood and idols of stone, but begins to see the necessity of breaking in pieces the idols built up of _books_ and traditions, and fine-spun ecclesiastical cobwebs, and of cherishing the noblest and most human of man’s emotions by worship, ‘for the most part of the Silent Sort,’ at the altar of the _unknown and unknowable_….” We have no desire to follow in the wake of an unprovoked attack on the churches, our concern is the defence of a rational, against the imposition of an irrational, code of morality. The designing knave may sometimes wear a vizor, or, ‘to beguile the time, look like the time;’ but watch him narrowly, and you will detect him behind his mask! The little that we know of the institutions of the ancient Gauls presents us with an illustration of the same principle developed in a somewhat different direction. It is thus that too severe an application to study sometimes brings on lunacy and frenzy, in those especially who are somewhat advanced in life, but whose imaginations, from being too late in applying, have not got those habits which dispose them to follow easily the reasonings in the abstract sciences. It is not specially alluded to in any body of laws, but numerous examples of it have been incidentally given above, and in some of the _ordines_ it is assumed as a matter of course. ‘Malebranche,’ says our author, ‘deduces the different manner of thinking and feeling in men and women from the different delicacy of the cerebral fibres. What is cast into the oven of oblivion to-morrow may to-day be arrayed, beyond all the glories of Solomon, in aptness of allusion and in fitness of application. In this juxtaposition the comic poet exhibits clearly enough the anti-social tendency of the inflated characteristic. This danger passed, the soul reaches the farther strand, and rises from the waters, as Horus, who represents the sun at dawn, rises from the eastern waves. Excepting Cleomenes, I cannot at present recollect any very illustrious either patriot or hero of Greece, who died by his own hand. In estimating the value of resemblances observed in this part of our continent, we should remember that we have sufficient evidence to 100 reflective essay topic ideas high school believe that for many generations some slight intercourse has been going on between the adjacent mainlands and islands of the two continents in the regions of their nearest proximity. Besides, are not general topics, rules, exceptions, endlessly bandied to and fro, and balanced one against the other by the most learned disputants? The last may be immoral, but it is not unmannerly. appears to have been the first to promulgate this rational idea, and, in decreeing that in future the choice of arms shall rest with the defendant, he stigmatizes the previous custom as utterly iniquitous and unreasonable.[566] In this, as in so many other matters, he was in advance of his age, and the general rule was that neither antagonist should have any advantage over the other, except the fearful inequality, to which allusion has already been made, when a roturier dared to challenge a gentleman.[567] In the law of Northern Germany care was taken that the advantage of the sun was equally divided between the combatants; they fought on foot, with bare heads and feet, clad in tunics with sleeves reaching only to the elbow, simple gloves, and no defensive armor except a wooden target covered with hide, and bearing only an iron boss; each carried a drawn sword, but either might have as many more as he pleased in his belt.[568] Even when nobles were concerned, who fought on horseback, it was the rule that they should have no defensive armor save a leather-covered wooden shield and a glove to cover the thumb; the weapons allowed were lance, sword, and dagger, and they fought bare-headed and clad in linen tunics.[569] According to Upton, in the fifteenth century, the judges were bound to see that the arms were equal, but he admits that on many points there were no settled or definite rules.[570] In Wales, an extraordinary custom violated all the principles of equality. He tells us that they erected “pyramids and columns” of stone, which they painted and decorated with wampum, and paid them a sort of worship. I was once mentioning some strange inconsistencies of our modern poets; and on coming to one that exceeded the rest, he descended the steps of the ladder one by one, laid his pallet and brushes deliberately on the ground, and coming up to me, said—‘You don’t say so, it’s the very thing I should have supposed of them: yet these are the men that speak against Pope and Dryden.’ Never any sarcasms were so fine, so cutting, so careless as his. _No._ 13.—_Admitted_ 1798. What he wanted, therefore, it seems, was not so much this conveniency, as that arrangement of things which promotes it. A savage, whose subsistence is precarious, whose life is every day exposed to the rudest dangers, has no inclination to amuse himself with searching out what, when discovered, seems to serve no other purpose than to render the theatre of nature a more connected spectacle to his imagination. It is very easy, is it not? xxx. This is the cause of the stiff, unnatural look of their portraits. Every city contains numerous charitable bodies, all trying to relieve want and alleviate suffering. They demonstrated, that Venus and Mercury were sometimes above, and sometimes below the Sun; and that, consequently, the Sun, and not the Earth, was the centre of their periodical revolutions. Punctual? Contemporary writers may generally be divided into two classes—one’s friends or one’s foes. What remains, however, makes a folio volume of 972 double columned pages, and contains a mass of information about the language. Yet the great majority of them have certain characteristics in common, sufficient to place them in a linguistic class by themselves. We are then charmed with the beauty of that accommodation which reigns in the palaces and oeconomy of the great: and admire how every thing is adapted to promote their ease, to prevent their wants, to gratify their wishes, and to amuse and entertain their most frivolous desires. The relieving smile may come by way of a playful contemplation of ourselves as pitted against our mighty superior, circumstance; for it is possible to find something amusing, as well as irritating, in the ironies of destiny.